Q9. What is the meaning of the sacred, first and the most popular "Gayathri" Mantra ?
It is wrong to conceive of the notion that "Gayathri" is solely meant for the chosen orthodox Brahmin class.  It is universally applicable, for it is nothing but an earnest prayer for Light, addressed to the Almighty Supreme Spirit.  It is the support if every seeker after Truth who believes in its efficacy, power and glory, he be of any caste, creed, claim or sect.
Q10. "Ayurveda" is a part of the "Upangas", famous for its amazing and side-effect less medicines . Does it have any
           scientific / theoretical base like anatomical knowledge ?
FAQ - Page 3
"Om bhoorbhuvassuvah
tat savitru varenyam
bhargo devasya dheemaki
dhiyo yonah prachodayaat"
The first line invokes Brahman through the symbolic 'Om'.  That Brahman covering the worlds of matter of space (Bhu), of mind and time (Bhuvah) and heaven (Suvah).  We mediate upon the adorable glory of the radiant sun.  May he awaken our intellect ! Also known as 'Savitri Mantra' , as it is addressed to Divine person in sun - 'Savita', who is considered to be visible symbolic representation for the Supreme Reality.  For, he destroys darkness and promotes life and he is identified as the inner-self of man.
" O Supreme Lord !
Thou art ever existent,
Ever conscious , Ever Blissful.
We mediate on Thy, most adorable glory.
Mayest Thou guide and inspire our intellect.
On the path of highest divinity !
May we able to discriminate
Between truth and falsehood."                      (Rig  3.62.10)
    
The Ayurvedic is not only contains mere pharmaceutical prescription for common ailments, it contains a strong, fundamental texts about the Human Anatomy & Physiology.  Also, 'Susrutha', the great Indian pioneer, who was conducted many surgeries including complicated Plastic and Brain Surgeries.  There are  numerous description about internal organs and their working.

A stanza in Shushrutha Samhita the most important text book in Ayurveda, clearly describes the pain of myocardial ischemia (anginal pain) in such great detail that it can not be bettered even now.  ("Hradrogram"- heart disease): "Patient may feel pricking pain, vibrations (palpitations), burning pain, like splitting the chest into two halves with an axe! . . . unusual thirst, breathlessness, stiffness . . ., even unconsciousness may result !".  Heberden, an English physician first documented his angina pectoris in 18th century, but had no idea that the pain came from the heart.  His famous student Edward Jenner thought that the chest pain was due to syphilis. Only around 1905 A.D., William Osler, postulated that it could have been due to heart disease.

The human anatomy is well described in Ayurveda.  In Dashasookthaani, there comes the Narayanasookthaani mantra (derived from Yajur).  The three mantras (7-10) deal with anatomy of heart and a graphic description of physiology.  "Heart resides in  the chest between neck and navel, 12 finger-breadths above navel.  Although centrally located, it points slightly to the left of the midline . . . resembles large lotus bud kept upside down, with its tip to the left.  A large vessel . . .  takes blood from head to toe . . . keeping body ward.  The diameter of this is smaller than the inner diameter of the cavity of the heart !".   Even receiving of blood is an active process in this document. Frank Starling did think that only possible for God to understand the complete working of the heart.  It is only recently, that a New York based (Indian origin) Dr. Dinker Rai, stumbled on the diastolic suction of the atria.  (Personal communication to the author of this piece).  (Prof. B.M. Hegde, M.D. FRCP ( LOND., EDINB., GLASG., DUBLIN, FACC)
Raja Veda Kavya Patasala. All rights reserved - 2013