Q4. Are the Vedas only for the Indians or the Hindus or is it Universal ?
The Vedic religion is called 'Sanathana Dharma' or the eternal religion.  Contrary to popular belief " the Vedic Aryan cult originated in India.  It's follower were called 'Aryans'.  There was no Aryan Race" says L.N. Renu in 'Indian Ancestors of Vedic Aryans' published by the BVB.

There are proofs about the Vedic Religion being followed in various parts of the globe at different points of time:

There is an inscription in Egypt, 1280 B.C., about a treaty between Rameses II and the Hitties.  In this treaty Maitravaruna a Vedic dual deity has been cited as witness.  (H.R. Hall, "Ancient History of the Near East", pp.364 et seq).  The names Rameses I, II etc. resemble Rama, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu.

The Sahara desert is considered as a dried-up bed of an ocean by geologists.  Could it be a corruption of 'Saagara', Sanskrit word for ocean ?.  (Vide Encyclopedia Brittanica Vol. XXIII, under Sahara).

In far off Mexico, they celebrate a festival Rama-Sita, in the time corresponding to Navratri or Dussara.  (Vide T.W.F. Gann, "The Maya Indians of Southern Yucatan . . . Honduras, p.56 of text and plate 24).  Also Ganesa Idols have been excavated here.  (Baron Humboldt - Haribilas Sarda, "Hindu Superiority, p.151).

The ancient inhabitants were 'Aastikas', i.e. people who believed in the Vedas, a term corrupted as Aztecs.  The inhabitants of peru were Sun-worshipers, known as Incas, Ina meaning the sun, with festivals on solstices. ("Asiatic Researches", Vol. I p.426).

According to Hindu mythology, King Saagara and his 60,000 sons were burnt to ashes by sage Kapila.  The princes dug Paatala Loka ( the world under the ground) to find a sacrificial horse and were burnt to ashes as they disturbed the sage.  Paatala Loka or underground correspond to antipodes (on the exact opposite side of the globe) of India, America.  May not California there be Kapila Aranya?.  The probability is strengthened here :  there is an Ash Mountain Part in California and a Horse Island in Alaska.

The wild native tribes of Australia, dance with a 'Third Eye" painted on their forehead called the 'Siva Dance'.  (Spencer and Gillen, "The Natives tribes of Central Australia, Figures 128-129, page 21.)

In Java, there are numerous relics of Hindu cult and worship.  In Borneo there are stone inscriptions about Yagnas.

All these evidences serve to show that the Vedic religion or Sanathana Dharma was once prevalent through-out the globe. When it lapsed into oblivion in other countries, and when due to lack of any religious consciousness, the people became godless and unethical, there arouse in those lands great prophets, to brought to light one aspect or another of this forgotten religion.  But it must be noted that the fundamental model principles underlying these new religions only emphasized some future or other of the universal Vedic religions with certain theological variations.
Q5. How is the Hindu (named after River Indus) related to the Vedic Religion?
The Vedic religion aims at Universal Harmony.  There are evidences of the Vedas prevailing around the Globe.  The last sooktha of Rig Veda pertains to Agni, contains Verse of Universal appeal:   

    " Let all men meet and think as one mind,

       Let all hearts unite in Love,

       Let the goal be common,

       May all live in happiness with a common purpose. "
As the Vedas give us the Dharma, the primary goal of the Vedas is to make us Self-realize (Note: neither to know nor to understand, but realize) the Brahman or the Ultimate Truth.  But these scriptures are supported by a set of texts 'worldly sciences'.  To the 14 Vidyaasthanas may be added 4 more, called Uppaangas or appendices to the Veddaangas.  They are :

1.  Ayurveda or the science of life and medicine.

2.  Arthasaastra the science of wealth or economics.

3.  Dhanur Veda the science relating to weaponry, missiles and warfare and

4.  Gaandharva Veda or treatises on fine arts like music, dance, drama, etc.
Q6. Is Spirituality the only goal of Vedas ? Does Veda support Materialistic living like commerce etc.?
Q7. Do the Vedas support IDOL Worship ?
The Vedas support both ritual and spiritual worship.  The Karma Kanda refers to the rites, Yajnas etc. while the Gnana Kanda supports to spiritual enlightment.  While the Vedas guide in sacrifices, Vedanata/Upanishads denigrates the performer as a cow - a witless person.

To understand these one must look into the God, as a Supreme Reality.  The functional and attributes names of the Supreme Reality are numberless.  Sometimes they are names of Nature's Bounties also - primarily the sun, secondarily the functions of mid-space and the earth.

The SR (Supreme Reality) is not merely a philosophical abstract concept, it is a reality which have to invoke and evoke for our personal becoming or for the fulfillment of our life.  In this sense, Vedic Theism is a concept of Dynamic Reality.  The SR is our concern every moment.

The God or the Supreme Reality is known by different names in regard to its functions, attributes and nature.  Take out out context of its creation and suzerainty over souls, the Reality would have no name other than OM (A-U-M), the all comprehensive syllable, embracing the limits of entire phonetic alphabet with potential creativity, sustenance and dissolution in it ('Om Kham Brahma' - Yajur 60.17)

The distinguishing feature of Vedas is that no Veda say, "This is the only way", "This is the only God".  All of them are say that any path (compare with other religious texts) followed with faith and loyalty and any Devata worshipped in whatever way, will lead one to the true goal.  This is the greatness of the Vedas.

The FAQ author understands that only personal realizations, through a Guru ie. an able spiritual teacher can help in finding answers to these questions, while people around you would be (still) debating.
FAQ - Page 2
Q8.  How were the Vedas saved without changes for more than 5,000 + years ?
The Vedas were not given script form until recently.  They were chanted or taught from Guru or Sishya in theGurukula system of Education.  They used many techniques like Computer encoding Schemes and redundancy, that protect the Vedic Hymns from loss due to time and intentional sabotage.  This system is explained below.  A fool-proof method use to chant each mantra in various patterns and combination, the Forts of the Vedas.  Let us consider a simple example of a Hymn with the 'pathas or words 1 to 11:
Hymn Structure
Vaakya / Samhita
1-2-3, 4-5-6, . .  11
Sentence straight, conjoined words
1,2,3, . . ., 11
Word by word, word meaning
1-2, 2-3, 3-4, . . . , 10-11
Helps to understand how 2 words to be combined and swara modification
1-2-2-1-1-2     || 2-3-3-2-2-3 ||
Two words are repeated forward and backward
3-4-4-3-3-4     || 4-5-5-4-4-5 || . . .
11-12-12-11-11-12   || 12-12 ||
1-2,      6-6 ||
One pair ascending and other descending
2-3,      6-5 ||  . . .
12-12,  8-7 ||
1-2-2-1-1-2-3 ||
Three words are repeated forward and backward
2-3-3-2-3-3-4 ||
6-6, . . . 12-12 ||
1-2,      2-1,     1-2  ||
2,3,4 ... words forward and backward
2-3-4,  4-3-2,    2-3  || . . . ,
12-12 ||
   1-2 |    12-12 ||
One pair ascending and other descending
    2-3 |    11-12 ||
12-12 |      1-2   ||
1-2, 2-1 ||
One pair ascending and descending
1-2, 2-3, 3-2-1 ||
7-8, 8-9, 9-10 | 10-11, 11-12, 12-12 ||
1-2 | 7-8 ||
Complex ascending and descending
2-1 | 8-7 ||
1-2 | 7-8 ||
2-3 | 8-9 ||
3-2-1| 9-8-7 |||, . . .
6-6 | 12-12 ||
1-2-1-1-    2-3-3-2-   1-1-2-3 ||
Complex and most difficult to mast (Ghana means heavy).
Raja Veda Kavya Patasala. All rights reserved - 2013